페이지 트리
메타 데이터의 끝으로 건너뛰기
메타 데이터의 시작으로 이동

If you're upgrading to JIRA 7.0, you should consult the Migration hub. JIRA 7.0 contains functionality that affects your user management, application access and log in permissions, and it's very important that you understand the requirements and the implications before you upgrade. The Migration hub has all this information in one handy space.

 

 

This page describes how to upgrade JIRA installations that don't support the rapid upgrade method or fallback method. You should use this method to upgrade JIRA if you meet any of the following criteria:

  • You use a WAR distribution of JIRA version 4.0.0 or later.
  • You use JIRA 4.0.0 or later on Solaris.
  • You use JIRA 4.0.0 – 4.2.x on Windows or Linux.
  • You use JIRA prior to 4. Note that these versions will require an upgrade to JIRA 4.4.5 before moving on with newer versions.

See Upgrading JIRA for more information on the methods you can use to upgrade JIRA.

페이지목차:

(warning) Please read/perform all steps and sub-steps in consecutive order.

1. 시작하기 전에

  1. Read about the new version - Review the release notes and upgrade notes for the version of JIRA that you are upgrading to. See Production Releases. If you plan to skip a few JIRA versions during your upgrade, we strongly recommend that you read the upgrade guides for all major versions between your current version and the version to which you are upgrading. Refer to Important Version-Specific Upgrade Notes for quick links to these guides.
  2. Check your license - Verify that your license support period is still valid. Upgrading to a version prior to JIRA 6.2.4 on an expired license could lead to the error described in After upgrade JIRA shows 500 error page with message User has no unique key mapping.
  3. Check for known issues - Use the JIRA Knowledge Base to search for any issues in the new version that will affect you.
  4. Check for compatibility
    • Confirm that your operating system, database, other applicable platforms and hardware still comply with the requirements for JIRA 6.4. The End of Support Announcements for JIRA page also has important information regarding platform support for future versions of JIRA.
    • If you have installed JIRA plugins (i.e. not included with JIRA), verify that they will be compatible with the version of JIRA you are upgrading to. You can find a plugin's compatibility information using Checking add-on compatibility with application updates or from the plugin's home page on the Atlassian Plugin Exchange.
    • Some anti-virus or other Internet security tools may interfere with the JIRA upgrade process and prevent the process from completing successfully. If you experience or anticipate experiencing such an issue with your anti-virus/Internet security tool, disable this tool before proceeding with the JIRA upgrade.

 

We strongly recommend performing your upgrade in a test environment first. Do not upgrade your production JIRA server until you are satisfied that your test environment upgrade has been successful.

  • If you have any problems with your test environment upgrade which you cannot resolve, create an issue at our support site so that we can assist you.
  • If you have any problems during the upgrade of your production JIRA server, do not allow your users to start using this server. Instead:
    • Continue to use your old JIRA server — this will help ensure that you do not lose production data.
    • Also create an issue at our support site so that we can help you resolve the problems with your upgrade.

2. 백업

Before you begin the JIRA upgrade, we strongly recommend that you back up your existing JIRA installation.

 

2.1 사용자가 JIRA 데이터 업데이트 막기

During the upgrade process, you'll export JIRA's database from your existing JIRA installation (via an XML backup) and then restore this backup into a new JIRA installation. To ensure that the data in the XML backup is consistent with the latest data in the system, you must temporarily restrict access to JIRA so users can't update the data. Refer to the Preventing users from accessing JIRA during backups page for more information.

(warning) Be aware! Inconsistent XML backups cannot be restored!

2.2 데이터베이스 백업

Perform an XML backup of your existing JIRA installation's external database. For large JIRA installations, this process may require several hours to complete.

The 'embedded database' is the HSQLDB database supplied with JIRA for evaluation purposes only. If you accidentally use the HSQLDB database in a production system, perform an XML backup of this database and continue on with this procedure.

2.3 JIRA Home directory 백업

  1. Shut down JIRA.
  2. Locate the JIRA Home directory. You can find information about the location of the directory by navigating to the <jira-application-dir>/WEB-INF/classes/jira-application.properties file in your JIRA Installation Directory. Alternatively, you can open the JIRA Configuration Tool to see the directory that is set as your JIRA Home.
  3. Navigate to the directory specified in the configuration file and create a backup of it in another directory.
  4. (오류) Delete the file <jira-home>/dbconfig.xml as soon as the backup is complete.

2.4 JIRA Home 디렉터리 외부에 첨부 및 인덱스 디렉터리가 있는 경우 별도 백업

If the attachments and index directories are located outside of your JIRA Home Directory, you must back them up separately. These pages describe how to find out where these directories are located in your implementation:

  • Your attachments directory — Refer to Configuring File Attachments page in the documentation for your version of JIRA.
  • Your index directory — Refer to Search Indexing page in the documentation for your version of JIRA.

Also refer to Backing Up Data for more information about backing up attachments in JIRA.

2.5 JIRA 설치 디렉터리 백업

The 'JIRA Installation Directory' is the directory into which the JIRA application files and libraries were extracted when JIRA was installed.

3. 새로운 JIRA 설치 셋업

If you are running a 'mission-critical' JIRA server, we highly recommend performing the remaining steps of this guide in a test environment (e.g. using a separate test JIRA database and a copy of your JIRA Home directory) before performing the upgrade in production.  

 

3.1 JIRA 새로운 버전 설치하기

Download and extract the JIRA distribution you require to a new directory. Do not overwrite your existing JIRA installation. Ensure this has been shut down and install the new JIRA version to a new location.

Follow the installation instructions for either:

(정보) If you are using JIRA WAR, remember to build your new JIRA web application and deploy it to your server. For specific instructions, refer to the JIRA WAR installation page for your application server within the Installing JIRA WAR section.

3.2 새로운 JIRA 를 기존 JIRA의 Home 디렉터리 복사본에 연결하도록 설정하기

 If your new JIRA 6.4 installation is on a new server, copy the backup of your existing JIRA Home Directory from the old server to the new server before proceeding.

To set up a "recommended" (not WAR) distribution:

  1. Open the JIRA Configuration Tool.
  2. Click the JIRA Home tab.
  3. Update the JIRA Home Directory field:
    • If your JIRA 6.4 installation is on a new server, update the JIRA Home Directory field to the path of your copied JIRA Home directory.
    • If your JIRA 6.4 installation is on the same server, update the JIRA Home Directory field to the path of your existing JIRA Home directory.
      (정보) For more information about this directory, see JIRA Home Directory.

To set up a WAR distribution:

  1. Edit the jira-application.properties file located within the <jira-application-dir>/WEB-INF/classes subdirectory of your new JIRA 6.4 Installation Directory JIRA Installation Directory.
  2. Update the jira.home property in this file to the path of the new JIRA Home Directory:
    • If your JIRA 6.4 installation is on a new server, update the jira.home property to the path of your copied JIRA Home directory.
    • If your JIRA 6.4 installation is on the same server, update the jira.home property to the path of your existing JIRA Home directory.
      (정보) For more information about this directory, see JIRA Home Directory.
  3. Remove the '#' at the beginning of the jira.home line (so that JIRA no longer regards this line as a comment).
  4. Save your updated jira-application.properties file.

(tick) You can also set your JIRA Home Directory's location by defining an operating system environment variable JIRA_HOME. This value of this variable takes precedence over the value of the jira.home property in the jira-application.properties file in your JIRA Installation Directory. See Setting your JIRA Home Directory for details.

 

3.3 Connect the new version of JIRA to a new, empty database

Create a new, empty database that your new JIRA installation will use to store its data.

Follow the appropriate 'Connecting JIRA to...' instructions for your database from stage 2, although from stage 4 of that procedure, be aware of the yellow note below:

 

If you are using a database (called jiradb, for example) with your existing JIRA installation and the database for your new JIRA installation is running on the same machine or database server, create your new database with a different name (e.g. something intuitive like jiradb_440 for JIRA 4.4.0). However, ensure the new database has identical access permissions to the old JIRA database. Consult your database administrator if you need assistance with this.

(정보) You do not need to create a new database if you are using the embedded HSQL database.

 

3.4 기존의 JIRA 설정을 새로운 JIRA 설치버전에 적용하기

If you have modified properties in configuration files of your existing JIRA installation, make the same modifications in your new JIRA installation. However, because the properties in the configuration files may have changed between versions, you cannot simply copy the configuration files from your existing installation and replace the equivalent files in the new installation.

For each file you have modified in your existing JIRA installation, you need to manually edit each equivalent file in your new JIRA installation and re-apply your modifications. If a file is not present in your new JIRA installation (for example, osuser.xml in recent JIRA versions), then simply copy that file over to your new JIRA installation.

The table below lists the most commonly modified files and their locations within your JIRA Installation Directory:

File

Location in 'recommended' (formerly 'Standalone') JIRA distributions

Location in JIRA WAR

Description

jira-application.properties

atlassian-jira/WEB-INF/classes

webapp/WEB-INF/classes

Location of the JIRA Home Directory and Advanced JIRA Configuration in JIRA 4.3.x and earlier. 

Any custom property values defined in the jira-application.properties file of your existing JIRA 4.3.x (or earlier) installation must be migrated across to thejira-application.properties file of your new JIRA 6.4 installation before you start your new JIRA installation

Upon starting your new JIRA installation, any custom property values in thejira-application.properties file will automatically be migrated across to either the JIRA database or jira-config.properties file. jira.home is the only property of the jira-application.properties file subsequently used by JIRA.

setenv.bat (Windows) or setenv.sh (Linux)

bin

Application server's bindirectory

Increasing JIRA Memory

osuser.xml
(not required if upgrading from JIRA 4.3.0 or later)

atlassian-jira/WEB-INF/classes

webapp/WEB-INF/classes

Modified if you have integrated LDAP with JIRAintegrated Crowd with JIRA, or if you are using a custom form of external user management or user authentication.

seraph-config.xml

atlassian-jira/WEB-INF/classes

webapp/WEB-INF/classes

Modified if you have integrated Crowd with JIRA.

server.xml

conf

Application server'sconfdirectory

Modified in the following situations:

(tick) The version-specific upgrade notes contain details on properties which may have changed in these commonly modified files.

In addition to the files above, you should also consider and/or perform the following configurations as part of the upgrade process:

  • Using JIRA with Atlassian's Crowd? — If you are using Crowd with JIRA, configure your new JIRA to talk to Crowd as described in Integrating Crowd with JIRA.
  • Allocating additional memory to JIRA — If you had previously allocated additional memory to JIRA, do the same for your new JIRA instance. For more information refer to Increasing JIRA memory.
  • Plugins — For any plugins that you had installed in your old JIRA, download the plugin version for your new version of JIRA from thehttp://plugins.atlassian.com site.
  • Character encoding — Ensure that character encoding (i.e. locale) is the same on the new and old locations. Your new version of JIRA may not function correctly if attachments are moved between two system with incompatible encoding.
  • Customisations — If you had made any customisations (code, templates or configuration files), copy over compatible versions of these changes to the new JIRA. (The developers within your organisation who made the customisations to your old version will need to build and test equivalent changes for the new version, and provide you with the files to copy to your upgraded JIRA installation.)
  • (Optional) Running JIRA on a different port — If your new JIRA is installed on the same machine as your old JIRA, you may wish to make sure it runs on a different port (in case you ever need to restart your old JIRA). See Changing JIRA's TCP Ports for details.

 

3.5 새로운 JIRA 시작하기

 

  1. Verify that your old JIRA installation is shut down — if this JIRA server is still operating, shut it down.
  2. If you installed the JIRA WAR distribution within Tomcatdelete the Tomcat work directory before restarting JIRA. If you do not do this, users may encounter errors when they try to display JIRA pages.
  3. Start up your new version of JIRA. For:
    • 'Recommended' distributions — follow the Starting JIRA instructions.
    • WAR distributions — follow the instructions for starting JIRA for your application server within the Installing JIRA WAR section.
      (정보) During the startup process, your new JIRA installation will create any required database indexes. If you created any custom database indexes, please check them afterwards and remove any that duplicate the indexes added by JIRA.

 

Do not restart your old JIRA installation...

If your new JIRA 6.4 installation is on the same server as your old one, it may still be configured to use the same JIRA Home directory as your new JIRA installation. Running two separate JIRA installations which share a common JIRA Home directory can lead to serious data corruption.

Nevertheless, we recommend that you do not delete any aspect (or backed up component) of your old JIRA installation, until you are satisfied that your upgraded JIRA installation is functioning as expected.

 

3.6 이전의 JIRA 데이터를 새로운 JIRA 로 가져오기

After you have started your new JIRA installation, import the data from your old instance into the new instance. You will need the backup file of data from your old JIRA that you created earlier in these instructions (above).

To import your old JIRA data into your new JIRA:

  1. Log in as a user with the 'JIRA System Administrators' global permission.
  2. Select Administration > System > Import & Export > Restore System (tab) to open the 'Restore JIRA data from Backup' page.
    (tick) Keyboard shortcut'g' + 'g' + type 'rest'
  3. In the File name field, specify the XML backup file you created previously during the export process (above). That zipped file should contain two xml files: activeobjects.xml and entities.xml. Both of these files must be included in the zipped file for the import process to work.
  4. Restore the attachments directory that you backed up previously, into the attachments directory of your new JIRA. (See Restoring Data.)
    (정보) Avoid passing through a proxy when performing an XML restore, especially if your JIRA instance is very large. Using a proxy may cause timeout errors.
  5. Access JIRA via your web browser again and log in using a username from your previous JIRA installation.
  6. Take a quick look around your JIRA site to confirm that your projects and issues are present and everything looks normal. You should see the new JIRA version number in the page footer.

 

4. 업그레이드 이후의 체크사항 및 작업

It is strongly recommended that you perform the following checks and tasks after you have started your new instance of JIRA:

  1. Check your server logs for error messages, even if JIRA appears to be running correctly. If there are any errors there that you cannot resolve, create a support case in https://support.atlassian.com, attach your log file and we will advise you on the errors.
  2. If you were previously using External User Management, enable it in the new JIRA instance.
  3. If you changed machines when upgrading, change the paths to the indexes, attachments and backup directories, from within theAdministration section of JIRA.
  4. Enable email, if you disabled it during testing.
  5. If you migrated any customisations from your old JIRA to the new JIRA, ensure that they are tested thoroughly.
    1. If you had downloaded plugins for the new version of JIRA, install the downloaded JAR file(s) in your new JIRA version and carry out any other required installation for the plugin.
    2. If the plugin has a properties file, apply the same changes to it as you had in the old properties file (don't just copy over the old properties file).

 

Congratulations! You have completed your JIRA migration/upgrade.

참고문서

Disabling Auto-Export
Restoring Data
Upgrading JIRA
Switching Application Servers to Apache Tomcat
Switching Databases

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